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Module 1 : Physiology

 

 

Electrolytes

 

Electrolytes are intrinsically linked to fluid homeostasis. Almost all fluids that are lost from the body will contain electrolytes of varying composition and concentrations, and many of the intravenous fluids that are prescribed will contain some form of electrolytes.

 

Electrolytes may be categorised as cations or anions, and may preferentially distribute to a certain fluid compartment. The main extracellular cation is sodium, the main extracellular anion is chloride. The main intracellular cation is potassium, the main intracellular anion is Phosphate. The most important electrolytes to consider are sodium and potassium.

 

 

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